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跟着Maple阅写并进【第一回合上半部分】

在这个专栏中maple将会把阅读机经当中的重点文章拿出来分析,并从中提炼出值得大家学习的写作思路和句子~一起来吧~
第一篇文章我们从森林开始,环境话题一直以来都是阅读写作甚至听力s4以及托福听力当中的常客。这篇阅读机经的题目是:saving a forgotten forests--the longleaf pine 拯救被遗忘的森林-长叶松,因为本文比较长,机经文章也很难找到word版本,所以都是Maple亲手打亲自翻译哒~所以让我们分两次把它搞定吧哈哈哈。
长叶松
怎么样,真的树如其名,叶子很长。

  副标题是:Found only in the deep south of America, longleaf pine woodlands have dwindled to about 3 percent of their former range, but new efforts are under way to restore them. 长叶松只生长在美国南方腹地。现在它们的生长范围已经缩小到了原来的3%,但人们一直在努力拯救他们。

  写作好词:dwindle/ˈdwɪnd(ə)l/ :Diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength 通常指尺寸,数量和力量的减少缩小。比如 dwindling resources日益减少的资源

  A段: the beauty and the diversity(环境类话题必考词=variety) of the longleaf pine forest are well-kept secrets(一直都不为人所知), even in its native South. Yet it is among the richest ecosystems in North America(它生长在在北美最丰富的生态系统之一), rivaling(原形rival,听力中曾经填写过该词,原意是竞争对手的意思,也可以翻译为天敌。在这里作动词,意思是与...不相上下,与...媲美的意思) tallgrass prairies高杆草草原 and the ancient forest of the Pacific Northwest太平洋东北部的古森林 in the number of species it shelters(rival...in...在某方面与之媲美,因此这里的意思是在它里面居住的物种很多,和高杆草草原还有古森林里面的物种数量差不多了,注意shelter这个词在这里作动词表示庇护,作为...遮风挡雨居住的地方). And like those two other disappearing wildlife habitats, longleaf is also critically endangered.并且,也像这两个正在消失的野生动物栖息地一样,长叶林也濒临灭绝。

  写作好词:shelter:/ˈʃɛltə/ :A place providing food and accommodation for the homeless or giving temporary protection from bad weather or danger, or an animal sanctuary.一个给人们提供食物住宿的地方或躲避危险或坏天气的地方,或动物保护区。

  动词词义:Protect or shield from something harmful庇护

  比如:在写环保话题的时候,可以写到deforestation will affect the species sheltering in the forest.

  B段 In longleaf pine forest, trees grow widely scattered, creating an open, park like environment, more like a savanna than a forest. 长叶林里面的树长得比较分散,形成了一个开放的,像公园一样的环境,更像稀树草原而不像森林。The trees are not as dense as to block the sun.树的密度不够遮挡太阳。 This openness creates a forest floor that is among the most diverse in the world这种开放性形成了一个世界上最多样化的森林覆被之一, where plants such as many flowered grass pinks, trumpet pitcher plants, Venus flytraps, lavender ladies and pineland bog-buttons grow在这里生长着各种各样的植物. As many as 50 different species of wild flowers, shrubs, grasses and ferns have been cataloged in just a single square meter.仅仅一平方米的面积里就有多达50种不同类别的野生花,灌木,草和蕨。

  C段 Once, nearly 92 million acres of longleaf forest flourished from Virginia to Texas曾经,将近9千2百万茂盛的长叶林从弗吉尼亚蔓延到德克萨斯 the only place in the world where it is found.这也是它在世界上唯一生长的地方 By the turn of the 21st century, however, virtually(阅读常见词=nearly) all of it has been logged, paved or farmed into oblivion. 但21世纪之交,几乎所有都被砍伐,铺平,或用于种植,它就这样被遗忘了。Only about 3 percent of the original(常见词=最初的原始的) range still supports longleaf forest只有3%残留, and only about 10,000 acres of that is uncut old-growth-the rest is forest that has regrown after cutting.其中只有约10000亩是完好的没有被砍伐的老树,剩下的都是砍后重生的。

  D段 Figuring out how to bring back the piney woods also will allow biologists to help the plants and animals that depend on this habitat.解决拯救松林的问题还能够使生物学家挽救这些依赖于这片栖息地的动植物 Nearly two thirds of the declining, threatened or endangered species in the southeastern United States are associated with(常见词=be related to) longleaf. 美国东南部几乎2/3的正在减少的濒危物种都是与长叶松林相关的The outright destruction of longleaf is only part of their story长叶林的彻底毁坏并不是全部, says Mark Danaher, the biologist for South Carolina’s Francis Marion National Forest. He says the demise of these animals and plants also is tied to(被牵制,以...为条件)the lack of fire这些动植物的消亡也与火的缺乏紧密相关, which once swept through the southern forests on a regular basis. 大火曾经经常性的横扫整个南部森林“fire is absolutely critical for this ecosystem and for the species that depend on it,” says Dannher. 火对于整个生态系统和物种是至关重要的。

  写作好词:be tied to比如 Improvements of the air quality will probably be tied to the promotion of clean energy. 空气质量的改进可能需要致力于清洁能源的推广。

  E段 Name just about any species that occurs in long leaf and you can find a connection to fire. 说到任何一个与长叶相关的物种,你都可以找到他们与火的关系Bachman’s sparrow is a secretive bird with a beautiful song that echoes across the longleaf flatwoods.巴赫曼麻雀是一种神秘的有着美丽歌喉的鸟 It tucks its nest on the ground beneath dumps of wiregrass and little bluestem. 它常常缩在它藏在狗尾草和须芒草下面的巢里But once fire has been absent for several years, and a tangle of shrubs starts to grow, the sparrows disappear. 一旦几年中没有大火,一团团的灌木开始疯长,麻雀就会消失了。Gopher tortoises(常考动物-陆龟), the only native land tortoises east of the Mississippi are also abundant in longleaf. 地鼠龟-密西西比东部唯一的陆龟-在长叶林里也很多A keystone species for these forests他是这些森林里面很重要的物种, its burrows provide homes and safety to more than 300 species of vertebrates and invertebrates ranging from eastern diamond-back rattle snacks to gopher frogs.他的洞穴给超过300个脊椎动物和无脊椎动物(从东部菱斑响尾蛇到地鼠蛙)提供了安全的住所 If fire is suppressed, however, the tortoises are choked out.然而如果大火被压制,地鼠龟就会呼吸困难 “if we lose fire,” says Bob Mitchell, an ecologist at the Jones Center, “we lose wildlife.” 如果我们失去了火,我们就失去了这些野生生命。

  写作好词:absent/ˈabs(ə)nt/:The non-existence or lack of名词absence。比如: the almost total absence of rural policing is a major problem in urgent need of a solution.农村几乎没有警务工作是一个急待解决的主要问题。

  备注:读到这里同学们可能很奇怪哈,森林大火不是一般都不好,但文章这里应该讲的是自然森林火,其实也可以算是森林自我更新的一种手段。

  相关的阅读文章大家可以去练习 剑4T1P1和剑7T3P3

  TO BE CONTINUED下次见

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